Number of Downlaods: 22
Published Date: Apr 1, 2001
Mahmood A. Khwaja
In this paper background information is provided with regard to decisions made by the Environment Standards Committee (ESC) for establishing a Self-Monitoring and Reporting system for industry in the country. The ESC was constituted by the Pakistan Environmental Protection Council (PEPC) in 1996, to rationalize the National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS) and to work out detailed modalities for their implementation. PEPC designated Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) as the secretariat of ESC. Members of the ESC included representatives from government, industry and public interest organizations.
The self-monitoring and reporting concept, which is entirely based on the honor system, emerged from a dialogue between the government and industrial representatives. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997 provides the legal basis for it. Industry has been classified into three categories i.e. A, B and C, each corresponding to a specified reporting frequency. Based on “Self-Monitoring and Reporting Rules, 1998,” a software, Self-Monitoring and Reporting Tool (SMART) has been developed. This software is planned to be used by the industrial units in the country to generate reports of their emissions levels (environmental data) and send the same electronically through e-mails/floppy disks to Environmental Protection Agencies (EPAs) for compilation and analyses. Section 3 and 4 of this paper briefly describe the SMART modules and the pilot-phase program and the proceedings of the national workshop held in Islamabad on August 02, 2001, at the end of the SMART pilot-phase.