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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

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Published Date: Jan 16, 2020

Quality of Foreign Capital: Perspectives from Pakistan’s Private Sector

Introduction

Like most developing countries, Pakistan continues to rely on foreign capital inflows as a major source of financing its public and private sector programs.

Such inflows could include, but may not be limited to, foreign direct investment, foreign portfolio investment, grants or loans provided by multilateral or bilateral sources.

However, in recent past, developing economies continue to face volatility in such inflows owing to financial crises (as seen in late 1990s and 2000s), possibility of escalation in trade wars, volatile commodity prices – all making it difficult for private and institutional investors to make longer term financing decisions.

Studies show that in the early 1990s, funding through foreign private sources flowing in the developing countries contributed over 75% of external capital flows. Foreign investment was a major contributing group with its share going from less than 30% to nearly two-thirds of the total external flows by 1998
(UNCTAD, 2003). Although, a decrease in foreign investment was experienced momentarily in the early 2000s, post-2004 witnessed a new trend, i.e. the highest level of accelerated growth in FI in 2007 (UNCTAD, 2008). This pattern was of course disturbed by the global financial crisis, which also brought with it issues threatening balance of payments stability in several economies
(Ahmed & O’ Donoghue 2010).

Keeping in view the significant contribution of these inflows as a development funding source, understanding their effect on the macro economy and welfare is critical. Policy makers share a common perception that foreign investment remains a key element of economic growth in developing
countries. Though foreign investment (and other types of capital inflows) brings about sustained welfare gains for the host country, population in general continues to be questioned by the empirical evidence (United Nations 2002).11 See also: Ahmed and O’ Donoghue (2010b).  8 Relationship between capital inflows and other economic development ingredients such as productivity, technological spill overs, stability of interest rates and inflation, and human-capital have been extensively analysed.2 However, in almost all the studies, results vary, i.e. few studies depict a positive relationship while others report a negative relationship, and still others indicate no relationship at all……..