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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Number of Downlaods: 27

Published Date: Nov 15, 1998

Structural Adjustment and Social Development: An Agenda for the Poor (R-17)

Jennifer Bennett, SDPI


Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) are not simple instruments for rectifying macroeconomic imbalances through the imposition of policies like currency devaluation, privatization, trade liberalization and cuts in government spending. They are, instead, carefully manoeuvred and structured political projects for social and economic transformation, at global and domestic levels, in the interest of the North. Poor developing countries are often given loans in the name of development. The main arbiters are the World Bank (WB) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The Third World leaders are told that in order to pay off loans and be eligible for more, they must implement ‘structural adjustment’ reforms, accompanied by conditionalities, dictated by the North. The vicious cycle never ends. The same conditionalities are imposed in every accepting country, regardless of the kind of economic or social crises experienced.

While the objectives for which Structural Adjustment (SA) policies were designed and implemented remain unsolved, its interminable adverse impacts afflicting most developing countries include crippling declines in Third World economies, social degeneration, rising unemployment and poverty, posing serious challenges to human resource development and wellbeing. The entire era of the last decade to the present is marked with debt crises, shrinking resources, structural changes, and glaring socioeconomic and environmental destruction in the developing world. Under the theme of ‘pay loans in order to be eligible for more loans’ the total external debt of developing countries increased from $ 100 billion in 1970 to $650 billion in 1980 and $1,300 billion in 1990. In 1994, the ratio of the incomes of the richest 20 per cent of the world to that of the poorest 20 per cent was 78 to 1, up from 30 to 1 in 1960(1).

This paper travels through the genesis of SA programs to validate the argument of maladjustment and maldevelopment as instigated by these policies. Taking Pakistan as a case in point, the argument is built around social and economic disparities, between the rich and the poor, how the already marginalized are further marginalized under the umbrella of SA and what countervailing strategies need to be pursued to promote human welfare. Specifically, it looks at the impact of SA reforms on the health sector.