Asset 1

Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Number of Downlaods: 25

Published Date: Feb 1, 2001

The Case for Land and Agrarian Reforms in Pakistan (PB-12)

Shahrukh Rafi Khan, Ali Qadir, Aasim Sajjad Akhtar, Ahmad Salim and  Foqia  Sadiq Khan


We show that, at least for the one province (NWFP) for which data are available from the Federal Land Commission, land ownership is highly concentrated and has become much more so between 1980 and 1990.  The Agricultural Census done every ten years collects data on operational holdings.  These data suggest that operational holdings have become much more fragmented, and between 1980 and 1990, there was an increase in total farm sizes below 12.5 acres from 80 percent to 88 percent of the total land cultivated.  As land becomes more fragmented, it appears that large landlords, who have the requisite liquidity, add to their holdings.  Thus the agenda for the state is to both ensure a fair distribution of land holdings and also to ensure broader agrarian reform to ensure that small farm cultivation is both just, if under tenancy contact, and sustainable if under self-cultivation.   We indicate that the case for land reform is very strong particularly on grounds of justice more broadly, but specifically from an Islamic perspective.  Islam views natural resources, including land, as a trust, with individuals having usufruct rights only from the amount they can reasonably cultivate and only if they are actually cultivating it themselves.  We also build the case for land reform on several other grounds including the economic argument of higher productivity of small farms and the need for land reform to make devolution and accompanying reforms successful since these reforms are subverted by landed power, and finally to enhance education since landed power has been shown to be inversely associated with mean educational attainment in villages.  Finally, we indicate how a new round of land and agrarian reforms could be made more effective by avoiding the pitfalls and mistakes of past half-hearted attempts.