Number of Downlaods: 25
Published Date: Mar 1, 2004
Mohsin Babbar & Ali Abbas Qazilbash
Of the 366 attempted suicides reported in this study, in the province of Sindh, over a period of four-months (September – December, 2002), 38 per cent survived, while the rest perished. Considering the predominating cause of such a high suicide rate, this study revealed that economic and social problems accounted for 52 per cent and 32 per cent of the total suicides, respectively. Other reasons are attributed to failures and decline in self-belief, mental disorders and torture.
As for the gender-wise distribution pattern of the attempted suicides, reported in this study, a predominance of male victims persists, as 70 per cent of the total 366 attempted suicides were carried out by men or boys. The highest number of suicide cases were reported from rural Sindh (83 per cent), among single (51 per cent) and married (47 per cent) individuals, with the highest in the Sanghar and Dadu districts (18.5 per cent and 14.6 percent, respectively) for the rural areas and Karachi and Hyderabad among the urban areas (35.9 percent and 15.6 per cent, respectively). In addition, the study revealed that 95 per cent of the suicide cases were among the 15 – 45 years age group. Furthermore, of those who attempted suicide the vast majority were Muslims (87 percent) while the rest were Hindus. The most common method used to attempt suicide was reported to be the use of any poison (40 percent) and pesticides particularly (27 per cent).
The findings of this study highlight the urgency of the need for an effective youth policy, which enables a strong partnership between the public and private sectors to ensure implementation of an affective sustainable livelihood program as the first step in addressing the socio-economic problems of Pakistan, thereby curbing the suicide rate.