Asset 1

Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Number of Downlaods: 27

Published Date: Jan 1, 1999

Universal Basic Education in Pakistan:A Commentary on Strategy and Results of a Survey (W-39)

Haris Gazdar, SDPI
1999

Introduction

The aims of this paper are two-fold.  Firstly, it develops a critique of the existing debate on the failure of basic education in Pakistan (section 2).  Some of the influential recent contributions to this debate, in particular those that are based on formal analysis of the arguments and the evidence, have come from quarters such as the World Bank, the Multi-Donor Support Unit, and the United Nations Inter-Agency Mission.

These contributions, particularly those emanating from the World Bank, are based upon a large body of empirical work using nationally representative survey data, as well as sectoral and regional studies in various parts of the country.  These contributions go some distance towards testing, confirming or dispelling commonly held and influential notions about the status of basic education, as well as possible solutions.  To the extent that the recent and growing interest in the subject has fuelled serious study, it is extremely valuable that long-held notions that have been based upon guesses and anecdotal evidence are being questioned.

It is argued here that there are many other such myths to be tested, not least some, which find themselves reasserted even in the otherwise careful and thorough studies that have been forthcoming of late.  More crucially, however, while these recent studies and situation analyses provide very rich baseline material for further research, and while they have attempted to go beyond received wisdom to a great extent, it is argued here that there is scope for a much greater and more radical rethink of the conceptual approach to basic education in a largely illiterate society.  In particular, it will be argued, that it is important to ask whether the commonly adopted framework in the “economics of education” that addresses education as an input might not be too limiting a characterization of what basic education represents in a country such as Pakistan.  Recognition of the limitations of the prevalent economics of education framework opens the possibility of an economic analysis of education which pays greater attention to institutions and societal conditions.

A second aim of this paper is to report the findings of a primary field survey conducted in various parts of the country (section 3).  The key questions addressed by this survey relate to the functioning of government schools, the school administration particularly in rural areas, age profile of school participation , the special problems of female schooling, lessons from the experience of private sector, the possibility of compulsory education, and the role of NGOs in overcoming the constraints faced by the government schooling system.
Section 4 summarizes the main findings and the implications of these findings for policy and for public discussion on basic education in Pakistan.  Also appended (Annex 1) is a set of research questions that have been identified from the literature review and the fieldwork.  While some of these research questions require further conceptual and theoretical work, others can be framed in the form of testable propositions about various aspects of basic education in Pakistan.  A discussion of survey methods and strategies for gaining further empirical insight into these questions is also offered.