The aim of this project, solicited by ActionAid-Pakistan, was to evaluate the impact of the October 8 Earthquake on livelihoods of the people living in the afflicted areas of NWFP and AJK. The main focus was to research on how the earthquake affected human, natural, financial, social and physical assets. Primary data was collected and analyzed to best understand how and why the earth quake affected the abovementioned livelihood assets. On the basis of this analysis, policy recommendations to sustainably restore and strengthen the livelihoods of those affected by the earthquake were provided.
Duration: 1st January 2017-31st December 2018
Team Members: Dr. Shehryar Khan Toru, Dr. Sajid Amin Javed, Maryam Waqar
The Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium (SLRC) is an eight-year global research programme exploring livelihoods, basic services, and social protection in conflict-affected situations. After six years of research in eight countries supported by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), along with Irish Aid and the European Commission (EC), Phase I of the programme is now concluded. Five synthesis reports pulling together the key findings of this phase were published in June 2017, and the SLRC was launched into a new stage of research.
The original SLRC research questions will continue to guide our work, but SLRC Phase II seeks to build on the achievements of phase I and move beyond the findings, both theoretically and methodologically. Phase II includes a new round of competitive funding which was launched in August 2017 and led to the selection of new projects under three research themes, which will be connected to the SLRC panel survey.
- SDPI has been selected as an SLRC partner under both Theme 1 and Theme 3 for work in Pakistan.
- Under Theme 1, SDPI will work together with Georgina Sturge (ODI) on a study on Household borrowing as a livelihood strategy in Pakistan. SDPI researchers will work with Georgina as per the full research proposal in Annex A.
- Under Theme 3, SDPI will lead a study on constructing state legitimacy in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. For more details on this work, please see the full research proposal in Annex B. SDPI will lead this project, but work closely with Aoife McCullough (ODI) on the research design, fieldwork, and analysis.
- Research Design Planning
- Review of Secondary data for political economy analysis
- Interrogation of panel survey
- Update on findings to DFID
- Feedback on findings from DFID
- Field Research-primary data collection for political economy analysis
- Field Research-primary data to identify justification of power rules
- Consultation with survey team To assess possibility of adding additional Qs
- Field Research-discourse analysis to identify justification of power rules
- Analysis of data
- Draft case study, meeting with team members to discuss findings
- Production of working paper
- Feedback from DFID on working paper
- Dissemination of findings in Pakistan and the UK
Locale: Five Union Councils of Pakistan (Charbagh, Baidara, and Bar Aba Khel from district Swat and Haya Serai and Lal Qilla in Lower Dir district of Malakand Division.
Duration: 3rd May 2018-15th December 2018
Team Members: Dr. Shehryar Khan Toru, Dr. Sajid Amin Javed, Dr. Babar Shahbaz, Syed Mohsin Ali Kazmi, Maryam Waqar
The Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium (SLRC) is an eight-year global research programme exploring livelihoods, basic services, and social protection in conflict-affected situations. After six years of research in eight countries supported by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), along with Irish Aid and the European Commission (EC), Phase I of the programme is now concluded. The original SLRC research questions will continue to guide our work, but SLRC Phase II includes projects under three themes elaborated on the basis of Phase I findings and also plans for a third round of the longitudinal panel survey. This survey will be conducted in 2018 in Uganda, Pakistan, and Nepal.
The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), as one of SLRC’s main partners, will, as previously, lead on the conduct of the third round of the survey in Pakistan. Although SDPI will hold the ultimate responsibility for the delivery of the panel survey in Pakistan, teams will work closely with colleagues at SLRC/ODI. In order to keep the timing of the panel survey consistent with previous waves, this third round of the survey will begin in Pakistan in August 2018. Specifically, the enumerator training should be held in late July to allow fieldwork to begin around the second week of that same month. Although SDPI will conduct the survey in its entirety and oversee the data entry and initial cleaning, SDPI will not be expected to produce a Pakistan survey report for this round, as such an output is not planned for in the larger design of SLRC Phase II. Rather, survey data will be made available to Theme Leaders, project leads, and partners in the writing up of final outputs at the end of the programme.
- Obtain any necessary permissions ahead of the start of the fieldwork in August 2018
- Lead on the hiring, payment, training, and management of enumerators for the survey. As discussed, it is a priority to try and hire back as many enumerators from the first and second round of the SDPI-led survey in Pakistan in order to encourage effective tracking and keep attrition to a minimum.
- Lead on the survey enumerator training, including rental of the venue for the training, and running of that training (with assistance from SLRC/ODI on training materials and ‘Skype-in’ presence prior to the training/ at the training for one day). SDPI will also plan for an initial survey test/pilot in targeted areas in order to advance the tracking of respondents.
- Lead on all logistical tasks as they come up during the time of survey implementation
- SDPI to allocate resources and people to monitoring of survey work – through direct fieldwork supervisions and spot checks on quality of collected data
- Gather data from respondents, check completed questionnaires for accuracy on a daily basis and correct as necessary. Once this is collected from the paper survey and transferred to a database, work with SLRC/ODI to agree on requirements for cleaning the data and conduct this cleaning on that basis so that data is usable by partners who will need the information for analysis down the line
- Provide information as necessary to SLRC/ODI once the survey is finished to support the process of appending the third wave of data to previous survey data rounds – a process likely conducted at SLRC/ODI in coordination with SDPI
Partner: Hansalim, Badin Development and Research Organization (BDRO)
Team Members: Dr. Mahmood A. Khwaja
The flood that struck Sindh province last year destroyed crops, food, fodder, seed stock and livestock. The main objectives of the project were, to empower flood victims largely women and girls to realize their economic and social rights, by providing them goats and sheep, to assist them to reintegrate into society and live a life with dignity, to raise community awareness and address issues of resettlement of flood victims through a participatory approach and to reduce vulnerability of men, women and children to the physical, social, economic and political effects of flooding and other natural disasters in the project area, Thatta district of Sindh. The project activities were carried out in collaboration with the local CBO, Badin Development and Research Organization (BDRO), with financial support from Hansalim, Republic of Korea. Six events for the distribution of 200 goats and sheep were organized at the identified central six villages of the union councils, Gul Mohammad Baran and Kar Malik, Taluka Jati a veterinary doctor paid regular visits in the project area to check how the animals were being taken care of 100 families, mostly widows benefited, for whom the support is an on-going source of income for their families.