- Wednesday | 15 Jul, 1992
- Policy Briefs/Papers
Social Indicators for the NWFP
Economic growth in Pakistan has been high, averaging 6 per cent over the last three decades, but it has not been reflected in the social sectors, partly because it received only 4 per cent of the GDP even by 1990/91. As a result, social indicators have remained low. Only a third of the population is literate, primary schools are available for only two-thirds, piped drinking water to just over a half, and longevity is 57 years. Worse still, these indices fall below those for countries with a lower income. India's GDP per capita is lower and it's purchasing power half that of Pakistan, but half it's population is literate, two-thirds has access to piped drinking water, and longevity is 59 years.
Social indicators in the NWFP reflect the average for the country as a whole, but in some cases are worse, as Table 1 shows. Primary school enrolment in the NWFP, at 55% is below the national mean of 66%. This not due so much to male enrolment at 81%, which is just below the country mean of 83%, as to female enrolment at 27%, which is virtually half the national mean of 49%. Literacy in the province at 17%, is also only half of the national mean of 34%.
Health indicators for the province fare slightly better than the indicators for education. The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) for NWFP at 90 per 1000 births, is close to the national mean of 88. Similarly the Child Mortality Rate (CMR) for NWFP 133 per 1000 births, is close to the country mean of 130.