- Wednesday | 29 Dec, 2021
- 10:00 AM - 12:00 PM
In the backdrop of the worsening climate crisis and increased economic burden on the energy sector, Pakistan has recently taken a leap towards clean energy infrastructure buildup in its recent plans and policies. The Indicative Generation Capacity Expansion Plan (2021), recently approved by Cabinet Committee on Energy (CCoE) targets a renewable energy generation (including Hydro) share of 62% by 2030. Although this plan is iterative, its focus on clean energy is also supported by the Alternate and Renewable Energy policy (ARE Policy 2019) - which targets a 30% share from Solar, Wind, and Biomass - and National Electricity Policy (NEP) 2021. For decarbonization in the transport sector, the Ministry of Climate Change (MoCC), Pakistan has launched a “National Electric Vehicle Policy” which targets an electric vehicle share (new sales) of 30% for cars, 50% for two- and three-wheelers, 50% for buses, and 30% for trucks by 2030. For bridging market reforms in the power sector, NEPRA is also all set to roll out a “Competitive Trading Bilateral Contracts Market (CTBCM)” in 2022 targeting a multi-buyer mode. Achieving these targets would however require several measures from both supply and demand side. Circular debt of Pakistan is increasing at PKR 35 billion per month while capacity payments have reached an all-time high of PKR 800 billion per annum from just PKR 180 billion in 2013. In 2019-2020, Distribution companies (DISCOs) suffered a loss of around PKR 59 billion due to their inefficiencies in Transmission and Distribution (T&D) and PKR 160 billion in their recoveries. Along with power sector, the energy supplies particularly gas sector (LNG) is suffering from shortage due to increased prices adding to the consumer burden. Furthermore, the energy sector planning and implementation in Pakistan has some missing pieces pertinent to energy access, energy efficiency and conservation, transmission and distribution networks, decentralized energy systems, and decarbonization of the industrial sector. Therefore, to overcome the existing gaps and for an effective stakeholder collaboration, SDPI is advocating the need for energy transition through an evidence-directed outreach effort ensuring a conducive
environment which improves buy-in for the relevant interventions from all relevant stakeholders. This, in turn, would accelerate the renewable energy uptake in Pakistan contributing significantly towards limiting carbon emissions and ensuring reliable and affordable access to clean energy. In this regard, we are committed to continue an inclusive and coordinated effort to bring together all the relevant stakeholders at both the national and international levels to support the sustainable use of energy in Pakistan. Under this backdrop, SDPI is pleased to launch a “Network for Clean Energy Transition: Research and Advocacy”, to generate and disseminate research-based evidence on the Pathways of "Clean Energy Transition program- Pakistan". The network is comprised of relevant stakeholders including public and private sector, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), civil society organizations (CSOs), industries, academia, and research institutes. The Network is composed of three sub-groups: 1) Renewable Energy Working Group; 2) Corporate Sustainability Group; and 3) Natural Capital Impact Network. Scope and Objectives Through this multistakeholder-network, SDPI aims to explore the pathways of "Clean Energy Transition in Pakistan” by: 1. Promoting technical knowledge on policy planning for cleaner, accessible, and reliable energy while advocating gender equality and social inclusion. 2. Summarizing key findings and insights on technology transfer for curbing the greenhouse gas emissions to fight climate change. 3. Developing and proposing a framework to share the new emerging green technologies, practices, and low carbon solutions 4. Increasing sectoral cooperation, inter-provincial cooperation, and international collaborations to lower costs of electricity and to secure the grid. 5. Green financing: Green bonds, sustainable finance instruments and tools to stimulate and enhance private sector investments to support our efforts to a green economy of Pakistan.