- Tuesday | 21 Oct, 2014
- Engineer Arshad H. Abbasi, Fareeha Mehmood, Maha Kamal, Amna Baig
- Research Reports,Project Publications
Pakistan is undergoing an unprecedented energy crisis. There is a demand and supply shortfall of 8000MW in the country, resulting serve repercussions for the economy as a whole. In order to address the mammoth of this power shortage, government needs to formulate a definite strategy for the future. An overview of the energy sector reveals the predicaments that have resulted in severe power cuts backs.
Furthermore, the analysis underscores the need for immediate reforms in the sector to bring about a relief in the future. This report aims to define the contours of a viable energy policy for Pakistan.
Other highlights of this report include a revolutionary solution to T&D losses through the introduction of Micro Grid and Smart Grid. These will effectively help Pakistan meet its challenge of reducing line losses, and this report also gives maps showing the distribution of line losses in the country.
Lastly, the long-term goal would be to fully utilize the potential of Pakistan’s Shale Gas reserves (105 TCF) and Shale Oil reserves (9.1 billion barrels). The report gives short-term, medium-term and long-term strategies regarding Shale Gas.
Overall, the country will have to move towards high efficiency and lower emissions (HELE), which underscores the importance of natural gas for the country. Towards this goal, the retrofitting of thermal power plants to improve the efficiency of existing gas-fired power plants and a fuel audit will have to be conducted. This audit will determine a merit order for gas allocation to thermal power plants.
Moreover, when it comes to diversifying the energy mix, coal is an option that Pakistan is exploring, and this report recommends that ultra-super critical plants be installed in the country to achieve greater units of power generated, in relation to fuel consumed, again underscoring the principle of efficiency which forms the umbrella of Pakistan’s Energy Vision