- Friday | 06 Jan, 2012
- Mahmood A. Khwaja, Mumtaz Khan, Bakht Mohammad
- Research Reports,Project Publications
“ Energy Efficient Cooking stoves (EECS) – A case study ”
UNEP National Committee, Republic of Korea (UNEP NATCOM ROK) and SDPI partnership, “Energy” is considered a priority area to work at and UNEP NATCOM ROK agreed to support SDPI project proposal entitled, “ Climate Change Adaptation: Introducing & Promoting Energy Efficient Technologies in the Flood Affected Remote Underdeveloped Rural Areas”
Climate change is a global phenomenon and a challenging reality for thinkers, planners, policymakers and professionals alike. It is a phenomenon that is likely to impact almost every sector of Pakistan’s economy. Today it stands not only as a major environmental issue but also as a multi-dimensional developmental issue.
Climate change resulting from an increasing concentration of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere due to the use of fossil fuels and other human activities has become a major worldwide concern. Pakistan’s total GHG emissions in 2008 amounted to 309 million tonnes (mt) of Carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent, comprising about 54% CO2, 36% Methane, 9% Nitrous Oxide and 1% other gases. The biggest contributor is the energy sector with 50% share, followed by the agriculture sector (39% share), industrial processes (6% share) and other activities (5% share).
During the last century, average annual temperature over Pakistan increased by 0.6 C, in agreement with the global trend, with the temperature increase over northern Pakistan being higher than over southern Pakistan (0.8 °C versus 0.5 °C). Precipitation over Pakistan also increased on the average by about 25 %. Studies based on the ensemble outputs of several Global Circulation Models (GCMs) project that the average temperature over Pakistan will increase in the range 1.3-1.5 °C by 2020s, Furthermore, it is projected that climate change will increase the variability of monsoon rains and enhance the frequency and severity of extreme events such as floods and droughts.
A number of projects on energy efficiency improvement, energy conservation and use of decentralized renewable energy technologies being implemented by Pakistan Council of Renewable Energy Technologies (PCRET) and other organizations. The recommended measures for GHG mitigation include energy efficiency improvement at all levels in the energy system chain; energy conservation measures and use of energy-efficient devices. An energy efficient stove is a new technology that is replacing our traditional stoves.
AZAM ALI KHAN
dR. MAHMOOD a. KHWAJA