Dynamics of unidimensional and multidimensional inequality in Pakistan: Evidence from regional and provincial level study

Dynamics of unidimensional and multidimensional inequality in Pakistan: Evidence from regional and provincial level study

Publication details

  • Wednesday | 08 Aug, 2018
  • Rana Junaid Zahid, Muhammad Waqas Khalid, Muhammad Ahad, Aadil Hameed Shah, Fakhra Ashfaq
  • Contributed Chapter Series
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Muhammad Waqas Khalid, Junaid Zahid, Muhammad Ahad, Aadil Hameed Shah, Fakhra Ashfaq
 
Abstract:
 
Purpose
The purpose of this paper is to measure the unidimensional and multidimensional inequality in the case of Pakistan and compare their results at the provincial as well as regional (urban and rural areas) level. The authors collected data from Pakistan Social and Living Standard Measurement and Household Integrated Economic Survey for fiscal years of 1998–1999 and 2013–2014.
 
Design/methodology/approach
The authors used Gini coefficient for unidimensional inequality and multidimensional indexing approach of Araar (2009) for multidimensional inequality.
 
Findings
The findings predicted that unidimensional inequality is relatively high in the urban area due to uneven dissemination of income, but multidimensional inequality is quite high in rural areas because of higher disparities among all dimensions. At the provincial level, Punjab has relatively high-income inequality followed by Sindh, KPK and Baluchistan.
 
Originality/value
This study is a pioneering effort to compare two time periods to explore unidimensional and multidimensional inequality in all provinces of Pakistan and their representative rural-urban regions by applying Araar and Duclos’s (2009) approach. Further, this study opens some new insights for policy makers.