- Tuesday | 03 Nov, 2015
- Vaqar Ahmed, Ghulam Samad, Waseem Gulzar
- Policy Briefs/Papers
Ghulam Samad, Waseem Gulzar, Vaqar Ahmed
Pakistan has a dynamic, export oriented textile industry with a large economic footprint. Within this sector, 600-800 textile wet processing units turn gray fabric into finished fabric. These major industries contribute to almost 50% of total exports, 38% of the manufacturing labor force and about 9.5% of GDP. However, they also contribute to waste water discharge into drains and rivers. Pakistan’s textile industry is covered by six major environmental regulations and National Environmental Quality Standards. However, fines are too low to improve corporate behavior, few factories treat effluents and government monitoring can be ineffective. Thus, researchers from the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (Waseem Gulzar) and the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (Ghulam Samad) sought to examine environmental compliance in this sector. To this effect, they analyzed data from a survey of 60 firms and 10 case studies in the industrial estates of Faisalabad and Khurrianwala in Punjab. The average surveyed firm was 20 years old, had 2,393 employees and generated 14,244 cu meters of wastewater per day.