Livelihoods and access to services: An analysis of peri-urban areas of Lahore, Pakistan (W - 148)

Livelihoods and access to services: An analysis of peri-urban areas of Lahore, Pakistan (W - 148)

Publication details

  • Wednesday | 11 Feb, 2015
  • Syed Qasim Ali Shah, Haider Abbas
  • Working Papers
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Qasim Ali Shah and Haider Abbas

Abstract :

Peri-urban development is a complex phenomenon, which refers to varied forms of settlements on the fringes of cities. This study examines the emerging peri-urbanization in the Punjab (Pakistan) in the context of Lahore.  Our findings posit that people flee from rural areas in desperation after their dreams and hopes for a better future in suburbs fade. So, an enduring livelihood and better service delivery in the urban settlements is a major attraction.   The study further examines the key dynamics, drivers, and outcomes of peri-urbanization based on Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework besides analysing the change of livelihood and access to capital assets.  Moreover, it explains how the regional inequality occurs in rural, urban and peri-urban areas.

In peri-urban Lahore, a notable decrease in farm-related livelihoods was observed, which indicates a declining trend in the economic significance of agriculture. In many cases, it was observed that the peri-urban transition did not tend to any livelihood improvement because people from rural background usually lack the capacity to synchronize their livelihood-related skills with the urban ones. Moreover, it was learnt that access to public service delivery depended upon their proximity to urban fringes. Households, who live closer to the urban centres, have a better access to public goods and services.  Policy intervention is needed to increase positive interaction between urban and rural areas and to take advantage of livelihood, service delivery, and governance opportunities arising out as an aftermath of the interaction. Peri-urban region can be managed by ensuring equal opportunities of accessing livelihood and public service delivery for the urban and rural side.