Poverty And Social Impact Analysis Of Workers Welfare Fund

Poverty And Social Impact Analysis Of Workers Welfare Fund

Publication details

  • Tuesday | 05 Nov, 2013
  • Vaqar Ahmed, Mohammad Zeeshan, Muhammad Abdul Wahab, Syed Nazer Hyder
  • Research Reports,Project Publications
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Executive Summary
Welfare programmes have become an integral part of social protection schemes as they promptly address the problems of labor market and with lesser transactional costs. Many international donors as well as governments work together to assure the social protection particularly for the poorest of the poor workers. These programmes work on short term and long term basis and ultimately help towards accumulation of human capital. They target poorest of the poor and their children, some facilitate the elderly whereas some operate under universal framework. These programmes also have a gender dimension whereby women are empowered through specific interventions. 

Government of Pakistan (GoP) has been facing challenges in ensuring workers’ welfare across the industrial entities of the country. While it has not been able to fully implement the macro-level labour reforms (e.g. the implementation of minimum wage – revised annually) however it is striving to put in place social safety nets such as Benazir Income Support Programmes. Within the overall ambit of social protection the government has retained the Worker’s Welfare Fund (WWF) organization even after the 18th Constitutional Amendment which requires social sector programmes to be devolved to the provinces in order to improve service delivery at the provincial and sub-provincial levels. The provincial governments have however been urging the federal government to hand over the reins of WWF.

In line with the above mentioned spirit the key objectives of this study include:

  • What are the employment, socio economic, and poverty impacts of WWF and how GoP can improve its effectiveness?
  • What are the employment, socio economic, and poverty impacts of WWF and how GoP can improve its effectiveness?
  • What are employment as well as non-employment factors adding to or detracting from the targeted impact of WWF?
  • Recommend new policies and changes to existing policies and approaches to address the needs of poor and very poor households and other excluded groups and scale up the programme interventions to meet the needs of poor and very poor households throughout the country.
  • What is the possible impact of man-made and natural disasters on the delivery of the WWF programme?
  • Evaluate if there are any significant differences in scope and effectiveness of the programme in urban and rural context and to suggest reasons for these differences?
  • Put forward concrete recommendations to improve the WWF programme and maximize its impact and identify the actions needed to implement these recommendations taking into account socio-economic, employment and institutional factors
  • Explore the value of PSIA in analyzing policy choices and propose an efficient process for conducting future PSIAs?
Our proposed methodology is based on qualitative tools. Keeping in view the nature of the proposed study, it is imperative to capture the impacts of WWF on the community,8 workers’ productivity and labour market. Specific structured and semi-structured questionnaire, based on objectives of overall study dynamics have been developed and administered in the field. For a concrete impact analysis of the operations of the WWF, present study takes the help of two renowned qualitative techniques. One of them is known as Focus Group Discussion (FGD) while the other one is known as Key Informant Interview (KII).